Wednesday, 28 Oct 2020

The withdrawal of the United States after the long invasion and the future of Afghanistan

In the first two decades of the twenty-first century, the world witnessed some major wars that destroyed humanity. Millions of people have lost their lives and no one has a specific account on how many people have been injured. And more difficult to calculate the lost property. More than one person talked about Afghans in Iraq, Iraq and Syria during the war, they became city after city. Hundreds of millions of homes, farmlands, businesses and everything were destroyed. It goes without saying that the main craftsman in all wars is the United States, the most powerful and powerful military country in the world. In these wars, they got no lower salary. Thousands of soldiers died. It is worth noting that the expenses were not disclosed, but the amount is huge.

War continues in many areas. Nobody knows when it will end. The reason for this discussion is one of the most important reasons for discussing the state of war in the world. This matter was discussed in the Afghan war. The United States launched a war against humanity in favor of counter-terrorism operations for 25 years. Then, in the past two decades, thousands of people have lost their lives and resources, but the war is not over. However, the situation seems to be over this year. The United States and the Taliban have reached a peace agreement to end the long war in Afghanistan. Previously, negotiations were under way to reach an agreement between the two parties. The possibility of compromise several times, but disappointing break. However, the truth is that the United States and the Taliban have finally reached a peace agreement.

There is no doubt that the will of the President of the United States, Donald Trump, to reach such an agreement also has a role. His predecessor, Barack Obama, also wanted to end the war, although he did not succeed in the end. With so many cultures, dynasties and many parties in place, it is time to say if true peace will be achieved in Afghanistan. But the question that arises now is: Why did the stubborn US decision to lose so many lives, so much blood, so much wealth, in the end they won? They were forced to make peace with the Taliban, who started the war with the terrorists. But in the meantime, who will pay the big loss? Does the United States have the answer? What is the result of the large amount spent there? The United States can find comfort in this.

However, international analysts say the United States is largely lost because of the defeat. The truth is that too. However, the United States still places Afghanistan in an important political game, with countries such as India, Pakistan, China, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. Before discussing what will happen with the post-peace situation, let us know the size of the losses in the Afghan war. Washington has accused al Qaeda leaders, including Osama bin Laden, of the September 11 attacks in the United States. They are accused of caring for the Taliban rulers in Afghanistan. In light of this, the protesters launched a bloody campaign in Afghanistan on October 27 to topple them. Millions of American troops and military vehicles have been deployed there. It is reported that about $ 1 billion is spent annually. In recent years, the presence and cost of U.S. forces have decreased dramatically. Instead, they focus more on training Afghan soldiers to participate in the war.

As a result, its spending in Afghanistan last year fell to $ 3 billion. Now there is no doubt that the cost will be reduced several times if the forces withdraw completely. Thousands of American soldiers and civilians have died in Afghanistan in the past two decades. According to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (Unama), a United Nations agency operating there, more than a million civilians have been killed so far. This account was started on 21. Before that, the number would be more, not less. In total, more than 1.5 million people are believed to have died.

But the number of Afghan military personnel has been killed many times. Last year, the country’s president, Ashraf Ghani, said that more than 3,000 members of the security forces had been killed 20 years ago. Although there are questions about these statistics. Washington is said to have hidden the amount of money the United States spent in the Afghan war. According to their claim, from the start of the war until last year, they spent $ 8 billion. With this, the US Agency for International Development and other government agencies spent $ 4 billion together. In total, 12 thousand 20 million. But according to a study by Brown University, the US Congress agreed to allocate one billion dollars to Afghanistan and Pakistan.

At least 2,000 American soldiers died in the war And More than 20 thousand were injured

And the army’s war-devastated spending, the expenses of various government departments, and interest on debt, will add up to two million dollars, or nearly a thousand times Afghanistan’s gross domestic product. But in the past two decades, the huge amount remains unclear due to what the United States has received as a direct or indirect result of expenditures. Under the agreement the Taliban have now signed with the Taliban, American forces in Afghanistan will be withdrawn. Under an agreement signed between the two parties in Doha, Qatar will increase the number of US forces from 3,000 to 8,000 in five days.

Washington will withdraw all remaining forces within six months. However, this agreement will not be achieved unless it is proven that the Taliban refrain from any kind of violence. However, what has become clear is that the United States is somehow withdrawing from the expensive Afghan war. From the point of view, it is also his great defeat. Its ultimate success depends on many other problems, especially on how the Afghan government seeks a peace agreement and how to solve its unresolved problems with the Taliban. The return of peace to Afghanistan depends first on the relationship between the country’s government and the Taliban in the future, with some complications already identified. After the agreement, news revealed that 5,000 Taliban would be released in exchange for more than a thousand prisoners from the government before March 3. However, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said his government had not committed to releasing Taliban prisoners.

He said that the release of prisoners could not only be a precondition for negotiations, but also part of the beginning. Ghani says the United States has no authority to release a prisoner in Afghanistan. The Afghan president’s statement about a one-day agreement between the Taliban and the United States has created a kind of suspicion. However, according to international media reports, there are at least 5,000 Taliban prisoners in the country. Afghanistan also has great importance in regional politics, especially regarding the Indo-Pakistani influence. According to a well-known opinion, the deep relations between Pakistan and the Taliban are historical. Many now believe that if the Taliban are strengthened in key politics, it will be for Pakistan.

Islamabad’s relationship with the country’s current government is not bad. India, on the other hand, has been trying to strengthen ties with Afghanistan in recent years. New Delhi is helping the country in several ways, including military and economic. Bilateral relations between the two countries have become more stable than ever before. Now, India may not benefit from the influence of Pakistan there. In this case, the two countries appear to be involved in a nervous war in Afghanistan. Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Israel are important actors in the region along the Afghan border. There is no doubt that they have an important role as well. China, the world’s other superpower, will not sit down. Afghanistan would like to be included in its regional outreach plans.

China will also want to strengthen its position in developing the infrastructure that will start in the country. Russia also has major interests in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has gone through war since the 1970s. The country suffered heavy losses in lives and property during the nearly decade-long war with the Soviet Union. On the other hand, more than 3,000 Soviet soldiers died, the country’s official number. According to various studies, at that time between eight to four million civilians died. In the end, the war was forced to stop and then the Soviet Union or Russia now. The United States started the war against the Taliban in Afghanistan after al-Qaeda’s attack on the Twin Towers, before it was completely removed. He waged war against the entire world order.

In many countries, including Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Libya, the world has witnessed a devastating humanitarian catastrophe in the alleged terrorist war. In many other countries, it has been shown to have negative effects. First, it became clear from the Soviet Union and from the war in the United States that the Afghans had not surrendered. Strong patriarchy and the position of the warrior are also evident. On the other hand, after leaving the United States, the question arises: Who will kill many lives, many assets? The United States will show any logic behind this. Many people may queue up for Washington.

However, the Taliban, who lost many in the long war, appear to be very flexible. Even if they manage to reach an agreement with the government, one remains. Can divided Afghans, divided into many races and tribes, unite and restore complete peace? ISIS and al Qaeda still keep their eyes open. In addition, women were completely populated during the Taliban regime. They were not allowed to work outside their homes, and they lacked education. However, in recent years, women have participated in various activities outside the home. If the Taliban are strong now, the possibility of such a situation cannot be ruled out again. What is going on around the fate of Afghanistan depends on the coming days. But everyone wants the war in Afghanistan to end, peace in Afghanistan and the rest of the conflict zone.

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